Author Topic: Aug. 19: Astronauts Squirrel and Arrow 50 years  (Read 2560 times)

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Aug. 19: Astronauts Squirrel and Arrow 50 years
« on: August 19, 2010, 10:01:56 AM »
Today, August, 19th, marks 50 years of heroism quadrupeds astronauts Squirrel and Arrow. This was the first in the history of mankind successful flight of the living beings into orbit.

In the vacuum of space ship spent the next day, several times round the planet and returned safely to Earth. Mongrel Squirrel and Arrow were included in the squad four, astronauts, created at the direction of Chief Designer Sergei Korolev in 1951, six years before the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite. Before you send a man in space, scientists had to ensure the security of stay of a living organism in conditions of weightlessness. This specialist and helped the dog. The ship, wrote, equipped with biomedical instrumentation, which record changes that occurred in the dog during the entire flight. For the fourleged-flight astronauts sew special costumes of red and green colors. Prototype of the ship "East" was launched into space from Baikonur Cosmodrome in 15 hours 44 minutes August 19, 1960. And landed the next day in a given area. Squirrel and Arrow immediately became the object of attention and a day later already participated in a press conference arranged in the building TASS. The real sensation was the news about that shortly after the flight shooters appeared healthy offspring. One puppy, Nikita Khrushchev gave the daughter of American President John F. Kennedy. Later, the success of Proteins and Arrows was assigned to a good start the other dogs, say "News", where scientists have continued to develop all phases of space flight, which in 1961 had to meet the world's first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. There is a legend, that after landing, he joked: "So far, I do not understand who I am:" The first man "or" the last dog ".

Currently, stuffed animals are in the "Museum of Astronautics" in Moscow. Space pioneer descendants still remembered. Thus, in the north of Moscow appeared the three-meter monument to the first "space traveler" - a small cur Laika, which in 1957 put their lives on the altar of science. Squirrel and Arrow in the last year, "immortalized" in a feature-length 3D-animated film, in which the story is on behalf of the "historical character" - a puppy from the shooters named Fluff.