Author Topic: The Icon "Christ Emmanuel" is back to the State Historical Museum  (Read 3742 times)

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Restoration of XVII century icon [b]"Christ Emmanuel"[/b] lasted eight years.
Now it is represented in the permanent exhibition of the State Historical Museum.

Eight years went on the restoration of an outstanding monument of Russian art from the late XVII century icon "Christ Emmanuel", the [i]icon, which the researchers associated with the name of [b]Peter the Great[/b][/i], performed in a rare technique - a combination of oil painting and application of silk fabrics. April 16 icon was brought to the media in the hall of ancient Russian painting of the State Historical Museum (SHM), which also held a media presentation - on the interactive displays were shown the stages of restoration, the materials research icon.
Opening the presentation, Deputy Director of the museum, Vadim Yegorov said that the object of art, which can be called whatever you like - "icons, pictures, image - never stayed in the temple."
For the restoration of the monument were called "best restoration of force", and what they have achieved - "one of the highest achievements of not just the restorers of our museum is to achieve global restoration," said V. Egorov.

Anna Ryndina, Doctor of Fine Arts, expressed the belief that the icon - in any case, her face - painted by famous masters Zolotarev Karp, author of the iconostasis of the Church of the Protection of the Virgin in Fili. Although there are attempts to "put in context, compare it with Saltanov, Poznansky," but, "I assure you, they're different," stressed the art. Creativity Zolotarev "calls for a thorough investigation," she said, and encouraged staff to give this artist GMM attention - to prepare a monograph, to collect all the sites together and continue the restoration of his work. She also noted the high level of restoration of the icons of Christ Emmanuel "- this" precious monument.

Head of the Department of Old Russian painting GMM Ludmila Tarasenko said that the icon was admitted to the museum, "Department of the religious life" in 1925, along with other monuments, in particular, with two panels and the portrait of Patriarch Nikon, executed in the same manner. Portrait of Patriarch Nikon is in GMM - in the next room. There were works in the museum from Vysokopetrovsky monastery, and there, under the assumption - from the house of Prince Golitsyn, who after the defeat of Sophia and the accession of Peter I was exiled to Arkhangelsk Region. However, on the seat of the icon before it hit the museum, "there are a lot of questions. Just do not answer the question: for what the church were written these icons - the Epiphany, St. John the Baptist and is now presented "Christ Emmanuel"? "It is hard to imagine - said Lyudmila Tarasenko, - that these huge icons (2,24 m x 1,2 m - approx. Aut.) Were written for private homes. According to one version - for the New Jerusalem, according to another - for one of the churches of the Moscow Kremlin, which just at this time was made unique iconostasis. Document not saved. There are other versions, but each has an evidence base, so will be taken "the most convincing hypothesis.

With regard to authorship of the icons, continued LV Tarasenko, then one of the names of today were named: Carp Zolotarev. In various scientific publications is the name of Bogdan Saltanov (his works are few), and some believe - the author is Basil Poznansky. "But there are many difficulties", - said L. Tarasenko.

Head of the restoration work, Olga Lankratova talked about technology "writing" of this icon: application has been made of different silks, fragments of paintings on silk satin, and then mounted on a wooden base with a special adhesive. Very fine braid mimics the folds. When you create the icons used by a lot of gilt paper. A similar technique called the "taffeta".
In the restoration of icons was attended by specialists on textiles, paintings, wood, was made by computer reconstruction.

At the conclusion of the presentation, Vadim Egorov once again reminded that "we have eight years restored the icon, no church restoration workshop at is not capable. He expressed the wish that "there was this unpleasant dispute, this division of our heritage between the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian intelligentsia," and that "these works are pleased us."

In a press release GMM reported that the iconography of the icon "Christ Emmanuel" goes beyond the Russian tradition. On the one hand, with the ancient art in the Orthodox were circulated images of Christ in the adolescent age, which represents the iconographic type, known as "Christ Emmanuel (" God with us "). But for the traditional Orthodox Russia iconography changed by the introduction of new parts with a clear western origin, which is very characteristic of Russian art of this time.
« Last Edit: April 17, 2010, 07:47:51 PM by Mariria »